Eight Parts of Speech in English Grammer

Eight Parts of Speech in English Grammer

In the English language, each word can be categorized into one of eight parts of speech. The term “part of speech” denotes the specific role that a word assumes within a sentence. Similar to how various roles interact within a workplace or in a television show featuring an ensemble cast, these parts of speech are designed to function together harmoniously. Keep reading to discover the various parts of speech that encompass the words we commonly use every day. Understand how these parts work in conjunction to effectively communicate ideas with clarity. For those aiming to refine their language skills and prepare for language proficiency exams such as IELTS, exploring educational opportunities like IELTS Coaching In Bangalore can provide targeted guidance and practice in mastering the nuances of effective communication.

The 8 Parts of Speech


Nouns are words that identify people, places, ideas, or objects. Essentially, anything that names an entity falls under the category of a noun. This can include terms such as basketball court, San Francisco, Cleopatra, or self-preservation.

Nouns are further divided into two main categories: common nouns and proper nouns. Common nouns refer to general names for things, such as planet and game show. Proper nouns, on the other hand, denote specific names or titles for particular entities, like Jupiter and Jeopardy!


Pronouns are used in place of specific nouns when the context makes it clear which noun is being referred to. For instance, instead of repeating a noun multiple times, you can use pronouns to make sentences more concise and fluent.

For example, consider the sentences “Jennifer was supposed to be here at eight. She’s always late; next time I’ll tell her to be here a half hour earlier.” In this case, “she” and “her” are used instead of repeating “Jennifer,” making the sentences more concise while maintaining grammatical accuracy. Pronouns can be categorized into different groups, and we cover all these categories in our comprehensive guide to pronouns.


Adjectives are words that provide descriptions of nouns. Consider describing your favorite movie to a friend who has never seen it. You may use adjectives like funny, engaging, well-written, or suspenseful to convey your thoughts about the movie. These descriptive words you use are considered adjectives. 

An adjective can precede the noun it describes, such as in the sentence “I have a black dog.” However, it can also follow the noun, as in “My dog is black.” For individuals looking to enhance their language proficiency and communication skills, especially in the context of language proficiency exams like IELTS, exploring educational opportunities such as IELTS Coaching In Chennai can provide targeted guidance and practice for effective language use.


Verbs are words that depict specific actions, such as running, winning, and being amazing, as seen in the phrase “Go! Be amazing! Run as fast as you can! Win the race! Congratulate every participant who put in the work and competed!”

It’s important to note that not all verbs denote literal actions. Verbs that express emotions or states of being, like to love and to be, are classified as nonaction verbs. Conversely, the verbs that do convey actual actions are known as action verbs.


An adverb is a word that provides a description of an adjective, a verb, or another adverb.

For example, in the sentence “I entered the room quietly,” the adverb “quietly” describes how you entered (verb) the room.

In the sentence “A cheetah is always faster than a lion,” the adverb “always” is describing how frequently a cheetah is faster (adjective) than a lion. If one wishes to broaden their language knowledge outside of English, looking at courses such as German Classes In Chennai can offer a unique and enriching experience in learning a new language and understanding linguistic structures across different language systems.


Prepositions establish the relationships between various words in a sentence. For instance, in the sentence “I left my bike leaning against the garage,” the word “against” is the preposition as it specifies where you left your bike.

Similarly, in the sentence “She put the pizza in the oven,” the preposition “in” clarifies the location of the pizza. Without the preposition, we wouldn’t have a clear understanding of where the pizza is placed.


Conjunctions enable the construction of complex sentences that convey multiple ideas simultaneously.

For example, the sentences “I like marinara sauce. I like alfredo sauce. I don’t like puttanesca sauce” express three distinct ideas individually. While there’s nothing incorrect about presenting preferences in this manner, it’s not the most efficient way to communicate.

Instead, consider the sentence: “I like marinara sauce and alfredo sauce, but I don’t like puttanesca sauce.” In this sentence, “and” and “but” are the two conjunctions that connect your ideas together. If someone wants to get better at language and communicate ideas clearly, they might think about taking use of educational options like Spoken English Classes In Bangalore can provide valuable guidance and practice in constructing coherent and articulate sentences.


Articles, such as “a,” “an,” and “the,” play a crucial role in the English language. These words help specify the status of a noun in a sentence.

There are two types of articles: definite articles and indefinite articles. The choice of article depends on the level of specificity required for the topic under discussion.

A definite article, such as “the” or “this,” is used to refer to a specific noun that has been previously mentioned or is identifiable within a particular context.

For instance, in the sentence “Did you buy the car?” the use of “the” indicates that the speaker is referring to a particular car that has been previously discussed or is known in the context.

On the other hand, an indefinite article does not refer back to anything specific and is used in a more general context. For example, in the sentence “Did you buy a car?” the use of “a” implies that the question is more general and not referring to a specific car. If someone wants to improve their language proficiency, including subtleties in syntax and usage, they might consider taking advantage of educational options like Spoken English Classes Chennai can provide valuable guidance and practice in effective verbal communication.